Arnfríður Guðmundsdóttir og Hjalti Hugason: Theology in politics – politics in theology
The aim of this article is to provide a theological response to the economic crisis Iceland has been suffering from since the fall of 2008. The authors present their main thesis in the beginning of the article, namely that all theology is political. In other words, they maintain that theological discourse is bound to have political consequences, which does not necessarily mean that all theologians acknowledge the political nature of theology. Those who presuppose a duality between matter and spirit, or at least between wordly and religious spheres, are less likely to recognize the political nature of theology than those who do not. A few examples of an explicitly political theology from the 20th century are introduced, followed by a section on Jewish–Christian creation theology. By stressing the role of God as the creator of heaven and earth, and of the human being as created in God's image, creation theology has an important sociological significance, as it emphasizes the responsibility given by the creator to individuals and humanity as a whole. This responsibility is for the entire creation, nature not excluded. From the story of the Fall we see how difficult it can be, as a sinful humanity has a strong tendency to be preoccupied with its own need, and being to nearsighted to see what is going on around them. We see the results of human self–centeredness all around us. That is why it is crucial that theological discourse about redemption takes into consideration what redemption actually means, not only for individuals, but also for society, and for the entire creation.
Keywords: political theology, Icelandic banking collapse, creation theology, social responsibility, resistance