Finnur Dellsén: Abstract and keywords

Ritið 1/15 - 2015

Finnur Dellsén: Reconciling two Approaches to the Epistemology of Science

There are two main approaches to the epistemology of science. On the one hand, some hold that a scientific hypothesis is confirmed to the extent that the hypothesis explains the evidence better than alternative hypotheses concerning the same subject-matter. This idea is often referred to as Inference to the Best Explanation. On the other hand, some hold that a scientific hypothesis is confirmed to the extent that the hypothesis is probable given the evidence. This idea is often associated with Bayesianism or Bayesian epistemology. Opinions differ on whether and how these two approaches may be reconciled. This paper criticizes some recent attempts to make peace between Bayesianism and Inference to the Best Explanation and sketches a new account of how the two approaches may be reconciled. 

Keywords: scientific confirmation, Inference to the Best Explanation, Bayesianism, explanatory considerations, context of discovery.

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