Hjalti Hugason: The Lutheran Period in Iceland. Some Criteria in the History of the Reformation
This article deals with a number of questions regarding when the icelandic nation became Lutheran. Following that the question of whether the nation can still be considered to be Lutheran will be discussed.
The first part of the article used a descriptive method in the search of the answer to the question of when the Lutheran era begins in icelandic history. The second part applies a more analytic method. Among the questions that are discussed are: What is a Lutheran nation, a Lutheran society or a Lutheran state?
The conclusion of the author is that the reformation in iceland came in to being in several waves in different areas and that the reformation therefore was a long and tiered development. it is therefore the conclusion that the icelandic nation became a Lutheran nation, in most respects, during the period from the late 16th century to the first half of the 17th century. it is also the conclusion of the author that the Lutheran era is already ended in various fields. it is therefore understood that the Lutheran era in iceland lasted from about 1600 to 2000, and that the period of the monarchy has certain distinctiveness.
Keywords: Church history, reformation, Lutherianism, religio-sociological changes