Eiríkur Smári Sigurðarson: Historical and philosophical knowledge. Two kinds of research on human nature
The paper explores the use of the vocabulary of historia and philosophia from the beginning in Ancient Greece to the fourth century BCE, when the terms gained status as names of two distinct – though highly debated – disciplines. It focuses in particular on how the terms were used reciprocally to define their respective meanings and to delineate their spheres of operation. By interpreting texts by the Presocratics, Sophists, historians, physicians, philosophers and others it tells a story of how history and philosophy are essentially connected.
Keywords: History, philosophy, disciplines, concepts, history of ideas