Leiðbeinandi: Guðmundur Jónsson
Heiti doktorsverkefnis: The Origins and Development of the Pelagic Trawl
The Second World War and the immediate postwar period saw the rapid advancement of fishing technology around the world with immense economic and environmental consequences. It is the aim of this study to understand the pelagic trawl within the context of its industry and within a wider context.
The aim consists of three objectives: a) the technological development, b) the transference of ideas and technology, and c) the economic significance of the pelagic trawl.
Pelagic trawling was invented in northern Europe, successfully spreading throughout postwar Europe as part of a the growing research and investment in commercial fisheries. The number of industries today that have connections to commercial fisheries are an indicator of the economic success in this research and investment. In this study we benefit from both oral and written sources, from which we can fulfil the objectives of analysing and understanding the drive for invention, the mechanisms for the diffusion of this technology throughout Europe, and its economic significance and legacy.
The role of trawling in the 21st century is a controversial one and understanding its history is a crucial element in understanding the present day attitudes that exist between the industry, the authorities, and the public.